Beauty as an objective.


Beauty is a characteristic of a person, animal, place, object, or idea that provides a perceptual experience of pleasure, meaning, or satisfaction

Beauty requires perception.

the quality present in a thing or person that gives intense pleasure or deep satisfaction to the mind, whether arising from sensory manifestations (as shape, color, sound, etc.), a meaningful design or pattern, or something else (as a personality in which high spiritual qualities are manifest)…


Beauty is not confined to the sense of sight.



the act or faculty of apprehending by means of the senses or of the mind; cognition; understanding.



mental process of a person who comprehends; comprehension; personal interpretation: My understanding of the word does not agree with yours.


understanding is relative =>  perception is relative =>  beauty is relative


Beauty is based on one’s understanding; one’s experience.  Beauty is learned.


greater experience =>  greater understanding =>  greater perception of beauty


Understanding is a prerequisite for perceiving beauty


To perceive beauty in architecture is to understand it; not as a mere object (or space) in a single instance but as an experience, system, and solution in and through time.


Durability, Functionality, Beauty (firmitas, utilitas, venustas) should not be segregated


Beauty = Functionality + Durability + …